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Contact: Nicolás Cuenca (cuenca@ua.es)

title

   Glial cells

DESCRIPTION

 

Glial cells - Octodon
Glial cells - Octodon
Glial cells - Pig
Glial cells - Pig
Glial cells - Rat
Glial cells - Rat
Glial cells - Rat
Glial cells - Rat
Glial cells - Squirrel
Glial cells - Squirrel
Müller Octodon    Müller Pig    Müller Rat    Müller Rat    Müller Squirrel   
Glial cells - Salamander
Glial cells - Salamander
Glial cells - Rat
Glial cells - Rat
Glial cells - Monkey
Glial cells - Monkey
Glial cells - Octodon
Glial cells - Octodon
Glial cells - Monkey
Glial cells - Monkey
Müller Salamander    Müller Rat    Müller Monkey    Müller Octodon    Müller Monkey   
Glial cells - Rat
Microglia rat
Glial cells - Rat
Glial cells - Rat
   Microglia Rat    Microglia Rat         

 

 

 

Three basic types of glial cell are found in the retina, Müller cells, microglia and astroglia.

Müller cells
Müller cells are the major glial element of the retina. Muller cell bodies are located in the inner nuclear layer and project irregularly thick and thin processes from the internal limiting membrane to the bases of the rods and cones where they form a row of junctional complexes called the outer limiting membrane. They form architectural support structures, provide metabolic support to retina, play a central role in the homeostatic regulation of the retina and maintain low synaptic levels of neurotransmitters.Also,, following injury to the retina, it has been shown that Müller cells actually de-differentiate into a neural progenitor. Recently published research has shown that Müller cells are living optical fibers in the vertebrate retina acting as light conductor which funnels light to the rods and cone cells.

Microglia cells
Microglia are phagocytic cells in the retina required for neuronal homeostasis and innate immune defense. The immunological potentialof microglia is comparable with blood monocytes. and macrophages.

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The entire contents of this site are copyrighted. Images may be downloaded from this site for educational, non-profit use only (such as a school report). If you need higher resolution images, please contact me: Nicolás Cuenca (cuenca@ua.es).

 

 Credits

This webpage is a creation of Nicolás Cuenca of the Department of Physiology, Genetics and Microbiology at the University of Alicante.

 

 Thanks to

Technical research services of the University of Alicante.

 

© 2008 Todos los Derechos Reservados a Nicolás Cuenca Navarro

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